Uffizi Gallery is the most important art gallery in Italy and the earliest museum in modern Europe, it displays the greatest paintings from every age. It houses the most significant classical sculptures from the Medici collections and a big selection of Italian and European painting from 13th to 18th C., mainly late Medieval and Renaissance Tuscan works.
The Uffizi Palace was built by Giorgio Vasari at the wishes of Duke Cosimo I de' Medici as the place of the offices of the Medici government.
The origin of the Gallery dates back to the Medici age, but the museum was regularly opened to the public under the reign of the Lorraine dynasty.
The first section of the Gallery was created in 1581 by Francesco I de' Medici on the last floor of the building, intended to house the Magistrature (the administrative and judicial offices) of the Florentine State. It included the works collected by the Medici in 15th and 16th C., originally located in the "Tribuna" and adjoining rooms. Under the rule of the Lorraine family the works were more rationally arranged, new collections were added, older ones were moved and became the core of other important Florentine museums (arms, scientific instruments, archaeological pieces, ancient and Renaissance bronzes).
After the suppression of churches and monasteries in 18th and 19th C., many important religious works were moved to the Uffizi.
In the early 20th C. some significant paintings were acquired in order to fill in the gaps of the museum, so that the Uffizi became the “National Italian Gallery”.
Florentine painters: Cimabue, Giotto, Masaccio, Paolo Uccello, Filippo Lippi, Sandro Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Pontormo, Rosso Fiorentino.
Italian painters: Duccio di Boninsegna, Simone Martini, Gentile da Fabriano, Piero della Francesca, Perugino, Raffaello, Tiziano, Tintoretto, Veronese, Caravaggio, Canaletto.
European painters: Hugo Van der Goes, Hans Memling, Lucas Cranach, Albrecht Dürer, El Greco, Rubens, Rembrandt.
Botticelli, The Birth of Venus, 1484
Botticelli, The Spring (La Primavera), 1482
Leonardo da Vinci, Annunciation, 1475
Michelangelo, Doni Tondo, 1506
Raffaello, Portrait of Leo X, 1518
Tiziano, Venus of Urbino, 1538
Caravaggio, Bacchus, 1600 c.
From Tuesday to Sunday
Hours: 8.15 - 18.50 (last entrance 16:45)
Monday, 1 May,1 January, 25 December
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