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Livorno is a city port on the Tyrrhenian Sea and it's the third largest port of the Italian western coast.
Mainly built during Italian Renaissance is surrounded by fortified town walls and the streets are crossed by navigable canals (the historical part of the town is the so called "Venezia" - Venice distict).
During 1600 Livorno was declared a "porto Franco" which meant that the goods traded there were duty free. This improved merchant activities, amnesty for some penance and freedom of religion. This is the reason why many foreigners moved to Livorno and begun living there (Greeks, Dutches, English people, Jews) and it's the reason Livorno still has many attractions dedicated to them.
Livorno has also a beautiful long walking seaside with its characteristic Terrazza Mascagni: a terrace facing the sea with a checked sidewalk.