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Montepulciano, Siena

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montepulcianoMontepulciano is a suggestive medieval hill town (605 metres on the sea level), in the Province of Siena, and sits on a high limestone ridge. The town rises on the ancient Etruscan city of Nocera Alfaterna, and owe its fortune to his strategic position nearby Orvieto, Perugia, Siena and Florence, and because of the connection of two important streets.

The first traces of Montepulciano as a town belongs to the 715 where, for the firts time, appears the Mons Politianus name. The town walls were probably built on the second half of the 13th century, strating from the Rocca (Sasso).

Florentines and Sieneses used to fight for the possession of the city and in 1232 the Sieneses finally got the city after destroying the walls. The city grew beneath 13th and 14th century, becoming a city of merchants and artisans. In 1390 Montepulciano felt under the Florentines dominion. This period is yet visible in the architecture of the town: first of all was the restoration of the Piazza Grande and the Palazo Comunale by florentine architect Michelozzo Michelozzi. A lot of buildings were constructed by Antonio da San Gallo il Vecchio: the Fortezza, Chiesa della Madonna di San Biagio, Palazzo Contucci, Palazzo Cecconi and Palazzo Cervini. Other famous architects were involved in this renovation period such as Baldassarre Peruzzi, Jacopo da Vignola, Ippolito Scalza. In 1561 Montepulciano began a titular bishop town.
A retraining of the town began again from the secon half of the 18th century, and it is visible in the urban structure and in the building of the Teatro Poliziano (1793-96).

Another important asset of Montepulciano is the agriculture, particularly the vine agriculture, mostly known for the famous Vino Nobile di Montepulciano and Rosso di Montepulciano.

The artistic and historic importance of the town is still fascinating. In 2009 Montepulciano has been the film set of New Moon, the second episode of the Twilight Saga, a four part series by the American writer Stephenie Meyer.

Montepulciano house several events: the Bruscello (traditional theatre), the Bravio delle botti (a barrel contest), the Palio dei carretti in Valiano (a tarditional cart contest), and the modern Live rock festival of beer in Acquaviva.

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